Human Geography

What is Geography?

In very simple words “Geography is the description of the earth”. Eratosthenes, a 3rd century BC Greek scholar coined the term geography (from “geo” meaning “the earth” and “graphe” meaning “the description”). Thus, the literal meaning of geography is to describe the earth. Geography is concerned with the study of nature and human interaction. The geographical …

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Underpopulation

Concept of underpopulation is just the opposite of overpopulation. Underpopulation occurs when the population of an area is too small for full utilization of its resources. The condition of under-population may also appear when the resources of an area can support a larger than the existing population without lowering the standard of living or without creating any type …

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Urban Heat Island

An urban heat island is an urban area or metropolitan area that is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities. The temperature difference is usually larger at night than during the day, and is most apparent when winds are weak. Air temperatures in the central region of a city are typically …

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Optimum Population

The optimum population is an economic concept which denotes a balanced population-resource relationship in an area. According to Preston Cloud, optimum population is the one that lies within limits, large enough to realize the potentialities of human creativity to achieve a life of high quality for all the inhabitants indefinitely, but not so large as to threaten dilution …

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Malthus Theory of Population

The British economist and demographer Thomas Robert Malthus undoubtedly was the first scholar two propound a population theory based on scientific and natural law. His book on the principles of population growth was published in 1798. Malthus traveled various West European countries and collected many important data in support of his population theory. Thus, the Malthus theory of Population was …

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Demographic Transition Theory

Demographic Transition Theory in its original form was propounded by Warren Thompson and Frank Wallace Notestein. The theory postulates of a special pattern of demographic transformation high fertility and high mortality to low fertility and low mortality, when society progresses from a dominantly rural, agrarian and illiterate society to a predominantly urban, industrial and literate society. These changes occur …

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Population Pyramid

The age-sex structure of a population refers to the number of females and males in different age groups. A population pyramid is used to show the age-sex structure of the population. It’s shape reflects the characteristics of the population. The left side shows the percentage of males while the right side shows the percentage of …

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Stages of Economic Growth by Rostow

Walt Whitman Rostow, propounded his theory of economic growth dealing with the stages of economic growth. He made an effort to correlate the process of economic growth to the growth of population and common social and political features of the growth process. According to Rostow, the economic growth occurs in five basic stages, of varying …

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Population Problems of Developed Countries

The developed countries of the world are highly industrialized and urbanized. These countries include West European countries (UK, France, Germany, Netherlands, Iceland, Ireland, Belgium, etc.) European Russia, USA, Canada, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. In these countries per capita income is very high in comparison to developing countries and most of their people are dependent on …

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